The Herbert History of Art & Architecture series (6 books)

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Series which describe the social, political, religious and intellectual climate in which the visual arts developed in a particular period. Publisher: Herbert Press Ltd; condition: great.

GREEK ART: No other culture has had such a fundamental influence on Western art as that which flourished in ancient Greece. For a little over a 1000 years (1100BC-27BC), ideas were assimilated and adapted, and new methods and styles were continually developed. This book chronicles the changes: the early geometric vase painting, the Archaic period in the seventh century when the foundations were laid for all forms of Greek art, the new confidence of the Middle East by Alexander and later Greeks. Professor Schuchhardt discusses the characteristics of the various styles and the work of individual artists in vase painting, sculpture and architecture. Included are the famous Parthenon friezes and the "Venus de Milo" and "Nike" of Samothrace. The development of the architectural orders is explained, and illustrated with examples of the buildings on the Athenian acropolis. It was the transition from this Hellenistic art into Roman Imperial art which marked the beginning of the influence of Greek art in subsequent cultures.

EARLY MEDIEVAL: The five centuries of early medieval art, from the sixth to the eleventh, was the period of transition in which European art of the Middle Ages was born. Although the period lacks unifying characteristics, four artistic centres are clearly discernible - Irish, Anglo-Saxon, Carolingian and Ottonian. The monastic artist-scholars of these centres left a vast heritage of illuminated manuscripts. But their boundless sylistic explorations, like the Lindisfarne Gospels, are not the only flowering of early medieval art, which encompasses also the work of master craftsmen such as those who designed and cast the magnificent doors at Hildesheim. Although Charlemagne's Chapel Royal at Aachen is one of the few buildings left from this period, the surviving gems of the allied architectural arts of mosaic, carving and fresco give us some idea of the glories of the age.

ROMAN ART: Roman art emerged from an intermingling of Italo-Etruscan and Greek-Hellenistic forms. It was the conservative art of warriors, in which the subject was far more important than the form. It is not surprising therefore that the different phases of Roman art are named after political epochs, individual rulers and dynasties. The buildings themselves were not based on the Greek laws of proportion; they no longer respected the landscape but dominated it, and Roman architecture would be the source for much that was done in later centuries. In this comprehensive survey, covering the period 5000 BC-AD 305, the author examines the influences, innovations, aims and achievements of Roman artists in all media, and draws on a wide range of examples, from Rome itself as well as the empire - Pompeii, the Colosseum, the Pantheon, the aqueduct in Tarragona, Hadrian's villa at Tivoli and Trajan's column. Index and brief bibliography. Helga von Heintze is a member of the scientific staff at the German Archaeological Institute, Rome.

EARLY CHRISTIAN AND BYZANTINE: "Early Christian and Byzantine" is one of a series of books which attempts to describe the social, political, religious and intellectual climate of a period as well as the genesis and attainments of its art and architecture.;The greatness of Byzantine art - including architecture, sculpture, panel paintings, book illuminations, as well as icons, mosaics and cloisonne work is now being assessed at its true worth and is known to have made a powerful impression on the West. This study shows how the two halves of the Roman Empire, the Christians in Rome and the Orthodox Christians in the East, adapted the art of classical antiquity to new conditions.

EARLY CIVILIZATIONS: Egypt, Mesopotamia, the Aegean; This volume examines the flowering of styles of art which took place in the ancient civilizations of Egypt, Mesopotamia and the Aegean, especially Minoan Crete. There are chapters on architecture, sculpture in the round, relief sculpture and painting, vase painting and wall painting. These three artistic traditions whose influence has spread to Western art are also compared with one another.

GOTHIC: This book is a historical and analytical survey of the styles of the Gothic era which flourished in western and central Europe from the mid 12th century to the end of the 15th century. They grew out of Romanesque forms but were more directed by aethetic judgements than by religious formulas. New directions in architecture allowed for structural exaggeration and the widespread introduction of stone tracery and glass screens. Later on, decorative detail seemed to exist independently of structural elements. The book includes information on book illuminations and woodcuts as well as the better-known gothic architecture with its structurally exaggerated and highly decorated features.